The Park Territory Plan (PTP) is the mainstay of the regulations which define the objectives, actions and rules which the Park and its users must abide by.
Obviously, a vast, diverse and complex territory, within which many, both in the public and private sector, operate and act, cannot be standardized in a coherent way only by an instrument which by its nature represents “formal inflexibility”.
To remedy this, under the PTP the Park activity is regulated by other management and planning rules, including in particular the “Sector Plans” and the “Regulations”.
Below there is a summary of the “Sector Plans” and the “Regulations” in force in the Adamello Park. The full texts can be downloaded.
Water Sector Plan
The Assembly of the Comunità Montana, with Resolution No. 17 on 22nd June 2007, adopted the Adamello Park Water Sector Plan, subsequently approved, in the absence of observations, with the Board of Directors Resolution No. 274 on 19th December 2007.
The Sector Plan:
- identifies and protects existing waterbodies, especially those which supply wetland areas;
- provides directions, obligations and constraints to be observed in the diversion or catchment of water, when allowed;
- identifies, pursuant to art. 25, first paragraph of the Law dated 5th January 1994, No. 36 (Provisions relating to water resources), the springs and surface and underground streams necessary for the conservation of ecosystems, which cannot be subject to catchment;
- dictates constraints, safeguards and controls on the search for, and catchment of, mineral and thermal water where they affect the supply of wetlands and bogs;
- regulates fishing.
The management of forests in the Parks of Lombardy is governed by a Sector Plan called the Forestry Plan (FP). Basically this plan not only acts as a reference point for forest management, but also regulates in detail the themes concerning the change of use of woods and the various activities related to forest management (tourism, water systems, etc). The preparation of the Plan, which was carried out by the technical staff of the Park in collaboration with a team of specially appointed forestry experts, led to the definition of the following fundamental principles:
The forest is a key instrument in the conservation of the land and the environment.
Forestry planning is carried out according to the concept of “multifunctionality” of forest cover, without giving preference to one specific function more than others (production, protection, wildlife, tourism and recreation, etc.).
Forest management should aim to achieve maximum maturity and structural complexity of forest cover.
Systematic controls (monitoring) to check the state of all the woods as regards possible damage caused by pollution, pests, new uses or fires are arranged.
It should be noted that the Adamello Park has a vast (28,000 ha) and highly diversified forest (about 75 different types of woods exist on the slopes of the park). This biological complexity, together with the management complexity due to the extreme fragmentation of land: more than 80% of land assets are public property, but are managed by the 19 different municipalities which own them and the remaining 20% ??belongs to very high number of private owners. This is the reason why the FP assumes the meaning of “indispensable management instrument” because, while respecting the expectations of the individual proprietors, it uniforms the basic goals making intervention plans better codified.
All woodland within the Park has been the subject of careful analysis and its so-called main function has been defined; specific management models have then been developed for the different types of wood. Similarly, and just for the area in the north of the park, a thorough analysis of the possibility of change of use of forest land for building operations permitted in the park has been carried out.
WOODCUTTING IN THE ADAMELLO PARK
The current regional provisions regarding requests to cut wood require specific authorization from the governing body to be obtained for forest coverage within the parks. In the case of the Adamello Park there is a technical consultancy service that provides full support to all landowners who want to cut their own wood.
Mushroom Picking Rules
Regulations approved by Comunità Montana of Valle Camonica Assembly Resolution No.11 dated 16th April 2010 (latest version).
Mushroom gathering in the Adamello Park is regulated as follows:
It is forbidden in the Integral Nature Reserve “Val Rabbia and Val Gallinera”, in the Oriented Nature Reserves “Alto Cadino-Val Fredda”, “Lake Arno” and “Val Gallinera-Aviolo”, in the Partial Morphological-scenic-biological Nature Reserve “Adamello”, in the Partial Biological Nature Reserves “Torbiere del Tonale” and “Torbiere di Val Braone”.
In the rest of the Adamello Park mushroom picking is governed by the above-mentioned regulations.
Regulations adopted under Comunità Montana of Valle Camonica Assembly Resolution No. 18 dated 22nd June 2007, subsequently approved, in the absence of observations, with the Board of Directors Resolution No. 275 on 19th December2007.
Fishing is forbidden within the Natural Park created with the Regional Law No.23 dated 1st December 2003, except for in the following artificial lakes but not in their tributaries and distributaries that lie within the Natural Park and only as directed.
Lake Pantano d’Avio;
Fishing is allowed in the above-mentioned artificial lakes from 1st June until 30th September. During each day’s fishing no more than three fish can be taken, each must have a minimum size of 25 centimetres.
The provisions of the Regional Law No. 12 dated 30th July 2001 and the RR 9 / 2003 are valid.
Fishing with flesh-fly maggots and salmon eggs or imitations thereof is forbidden.
In the water bodies of the Natural Park listed above, the autonomous collection of data by fishermen regarding the number and species of specimens caught and those released is encouraged in order to update data concerning the presence, amount and distribution of the ichthyofauna.
All lakes and streams included in the Natural Park, where fishing is not expressly permitted, are considered fully protected environments, and therefore fishing and the introduction of fish are prohibited.
In the Regional Park, fishing is allowed according to the rules valid on a national scale as regulated by the Province of Brescia.
Regulations regarding the construction of fences
Regulations adopted with a Resolution of the Comunità Montana of Vallecamonica Assembly No. 16 dated 22nd June 2007 and subsequently approved in the absence of observations, with the Board of Directors Resolution No. 273 on 19th December 2007.
Fixed fencing refers to enclosures along the sides of open spaces, made ??to last long-term (regardless of the use for which they are intended) whereas temporary fencing refers to enclosures along the sides of open spaces for agro-silvo-pastoral purposes (made so that they can be quickly and completely removed ??when no longer required). The regulations are as follows.
Fixed fences are permitted only within the “Areas subject to Municipal Intervention” and “Areas for Tourist Facilities and Settlements”, as in art. 22 and 23 of the PTP Technical Standards, and as long as they respect town planning rules.
In every other area of the park (both natural and regional) the only fences allowed are temporary ones for agro-silvo-pastoral purposes, those for protecting natural monuments and those for public safety. However, scenic and landscape values??, the spatial and functional integrity of established natural ecosystems, especially with regard to the movements of wildlife and the possibility for the same to access feeding areas and shelter, must be safeguarded.
Collective Mark “Adamello Park”
Ever since the Adamello Park was created it was expected that the governing body could allow the use of its institutional trademark for the most qualified and characteristic enterprises working in the tourism sector providing hospitality and services, as well as for the typical products of agriculture and livestock farming, and local crafts in wood and iron (ref. Art.45 of the Technical Standards for the implementation of Adamello Park PTP, approved by Regional Government Decree No.7/21201 dated 24/03/2005).
Around the mid 2000s the new identifying logo of the Adamello Park was registered as a “Community Collective mark”, in accordance with art. 64 of EC Council Reg. 40/94, registration with the European Patent and Trademark Office in Alicante.
In this way a product or service mark was legally established, safeguarded by European patent and owned by the Comunità Montana of Vallecamonica (as the governing body of the Adamello Park) ” to distinguish the products or services of members of the association from those of other enterprises “- art. 64.
The mark is based on general regulations of use and specific regulations for each sector considered so far (the Adamello Park has registered the trademark for some local food products, accommodation and the restaurant sector, environmental education and crafts).
These regulations and their guidelines specify the precise requirements of the products or services that are allowed to bear the mark of the Park. The additional requirements were developed with the dual aim of highlighting those who pay more attention to environmental protection and to the creation of a network of businesses which identify with the protected area, promoting it and setting up a network to enhance all the activities in the park area.
It should be noted that in the food sector this mark can not be exercised against third parties entitled to use a geographical designation which is already registered, but merely aims to identify those who share a set of values ??with the protected area, as described in the implementation regulations.
The mark has been used since 2008, starting off with accommodation and the restaurant sector. The choice of beginning with these activities stemmed from the need which emerged in other projects (the European Charter for Sustainable Tourism in the first instance) to establish a “dialogue” with those local businesses that expressed the desire for a stronger link with the protected area and its activities.
To date over 20 businesses have joined the initiative and have undergone the checks required by the regulations but have also benefited from a series of promotional activities, including:
– the creation of a publication used in all promotional activities of the Adamello Park and which includes a page for all participants ;
– a delivery service for various publications and updated material about the Adamello Park and the Comunità Montana of Vallecamonica in general and ongoing initiatives;
– participation in other promotional ventures.
Municipal Regulations on agro-silvo-pastoral transit (VASP)
The above Regulations, proposed by the Comunità Montana of Vallecamonica as “Guidelines” for local councils, are designed to regulate access and use of agro-silvo-pastoral roads, in accordance with art. 59 of the Regional Law 31 dated 05/12/2008: the individual municipalities are then delegated by law to adopt, supplement or amend the regulations.
All the 19 municipalities part of the Adamello park have adopted the regulations which are therefore identical for all the agro-silvo-pastoral roads.