The Habitats Directive (Directive 92/42/EEC) established the European ecological network “Natura 2000” which identifies areas characterized by the presence of habitats and species – both plant and animal – of Community interest (listed in Annexes I and II of the Directive) and whose function is to ensure the long-term survival of biodiversity in the European continent. The areas are closely related from a functional point of view: the network is made up not just of a series of strict nature reserves identified by the various member countries, but also of adjoining areas essential to connect natural areas geographically far apart, but similar as regards ecological function.
The Network is made up of Special Protection Areas (SPAs) and Sites of Community Interest (SCI).
SPAs are established under the Birds Directive (79/409/EEC), in order to rigorously protect the areas in which the bird species listed in Annex 1 of the Directive live. SPAs are also established for the protection of migratory species not listed in the Annex, with particular reference to wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. Member States request the designation of the areas previously identified by the regions who present the list of proposed sites accompanied by a properly completed standard form and cartography to the Ministry of the Environment and Territory – Directorate for Nature Conservation. The Ministry of Environment subsequently transmits forms and maps to the European Commission and from that moment the Special Protection Areas are automatically part of the Natura 2000 network
SCIs are established under the Habitats Directive in order to contribute significantly to the maintenance or restoration of a natural habitat (Annex 1 of Directive 92/43/EEC) or species (Annex 2 of Directive 92/43/EEC) at a favourable conservation status. Member States define their own list of proposed Sites of Community Importance (pSCI) based on the basis of criteria identified in Article III of Directive 92/43/EEC. The list of the pSCIs is formally transmitted to the European Commission Directorate-General for the Environment for approval together with, for each site identified, a standard description form including maps. It is then up to the Minister for the Environment and Territory to designate, by means of a decree adopted in agreement with each region, the SCI listed in the official list, as “Special Areas of Conservation” (SAC).
The management of SCIs even partially located within protected areas is entrusted to the governing bodies of regional parks, reserves and natural monuments under Regional Government Decree n.7/14106 dated 08/08/2003, as amended. For the purposes of the Environmental impact assessment procedure, in the case of plans at regional and provincial levels, planning documents are presented, accompanied by an application and together with the impact assessment, to the Lombardy Region Directorate-General for the Quality of the Environment, which is the Competent Authority and carries out an inquiry to assess the effects that the plan may have on the areas, taking into account their conservation objectives, and formalizes the results of the environmental impact assessment.
In the case of projects, it is the managing body of the Natura 2000 Area (in this case the park) to comment on the Environmental impact assessment. For small-scale interventions the governing body has approved a simplified procedure for the Environmental impact assessment, which is available in the download section.
The Adamello Park territory has a large number of areas included in the Natura 2000 network. These are mostly extremely natural areas at higher altitudes, where the environment is of high floristic and faunistic value.
In the Park there is 1 Special Protection Area (SPA), which coincides with the portion of land classified as Natural Park, and 15 Sites of Community Importance, with a significant part within the SPA. For a detailed description of the various sites of the Natura 2000 network in the area of the Park, see the files for download “Summary of Adamello Park Natura 2000 Areas “, “Natura 2000 Areas in the Adamello Park”, prepared on the basis of the standard Natura 2000 data forms and on specific surveys conducted by the Park and the “Map of Natura 2000 areas in the Adamello Park.”
The Areas include the presence of 21 habitats of Community interest, including 4 of priority interest, which together affect approximately 452.9 hectares. For a detailed description of the various habitats of the Natura 2000 network in the area of the Park, see the files for download “Priority Habitats and Community Interest in the Adamello Park” and “Map of Natura 2000 habitats in the Adamello Park.”